The Quran uses baraka as follows:
- A natural understanding of ‘baraka’ can be found in 41/10 in which Allah is the one who brings baraka to the earth. This statement is nestled by between the statement that Allah placed mountains on the earth as anchors of stability and the statement that Allah measured for the earth everything in due proportion therefore intuiting to us that baraka comes after stability then gives proportion to the created world. A second occurrence, this time of the word mubarak (something which brings baraka) in 50/9 tells us that the rain from the sky comes with baraka, as it brings about the fertilisation of gardens and harvests. The garden is used in the Quran to symbolise a state of heavenly bliss.
2. In 11/48, we are told that, after the flood before which Nuh was given the inspiration to save himself and his followers in the ark, he was given the command to disembark from the ark in a state of peace and in which baraka is present. A cross-referencing of this passage, this time with 23/29 presents another rendition of this story in which Allah’s descending of the ark with mubarakan is equated with God being the best one to perform the act of descending, therefore equating the quality of mubarak with the quality of being best.
3. In 21/71 and 37/113, we are told that Ibrahim’s land after his exile was given baraka. Again with cross-referencing with the passage 14/35-41, we can see that Ibrahim founded God’s system in a place which did not have it in place, established divine commands and was thus rewarded with fruits of this life. He was also given protection by God in this life and the next. In 3/96-97, we are told that God’s system established by Ibrahim was established in a state of extreme effort and difficulty but was in a state of mubarak.
4. The followers of Musa are said to be inheritors of the east and the west of the land in 7/137 which God has given baraka due to the patience and constancy. When we cross-refer this with another rendition of Musa’s story, namely in chapters 26 and 10, we find that the Children of Israel inherited the treasures of the land and the critical moment came when they established the divine system in the land.
5. Isa in the Quran 19/31 claimed that he is in a state of baraka wherever he is before mentioning that he would be in constant connection with God and a constant bringer of growth.
6. The kingdom of Dawud and Sulaimaan who are said to be given the right judgement in matters of judgement and equality and given the right knowledge and judgment in all matters. Also subjected to Dawud that the powerful ones and the geniuses. Dawud was also taught the construction of armours for the protection against violence. For Sulaiman God subjected the unruly political winds to flow according to his command to the the land which was given baraka. This is found in the passage 21/78-81. From here we can see this civilisational epoch which was bestowed to Dawud and Sulaiman was to a land which was given baraka.
7. In 24/35, we are told that God’s light is contained in a tree which is mubarak. Light in terms of the Quran has been used to contrast with darkness, symbolically referring to a state of loss.
8. In 24/61 we are told that we are told to give peaceful salutations in a mubarak manner before entering into a particular domain, that is in a manner of blessedness and a wish for growth and stability.
9. In 55/78, that we are told that there is tabarak (baraka giving) in actualising the name of God giving human beings lives of beauty and honour. So we can infer that by actualising the name of our Lord, we are bringing about the potential for this state of beauty and honour in human life.
From the readings above, we can see that baraka is a state which is indicative of God’s’ approval and blessings upon those who strive to establish his commands. The created world functions with this baraka resulting in the emergence of gardens, which in the Quran symbolises a state of heavenly fulfilment. The personalities of Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, Isa, Dawud and Sulaiman , having established divine commands, were given also baraka in various forms. This baraka then resulted in a state of betterment, growth, stability and divine protection.